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Epidemiol Prev 2016; 40 (1): 15-19
DOI: https://doi.org/10.19191/EP16.1S1.P015.025

Aggiornamento dei Criteri di Helsinki 2014: l’amianto continua a essere una sfida per la prevenzione e l’attribuzione delle patologie

Helsinki Criteria update 2014: asbestos continues to be a challenge for disease prevention and attribution

  • Harri Vainio1,2

  • Panu Oksa1

  • Timo Tuomi1

  • Tapio Vehmas1,3

  • Henrik Wolff1

  1. Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki
  2. College of Public Health, Kuwait University, Kuwait
  3. Clinicum, Helsinki University, Helsinki
Harri Vainio -

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Asbestos is in many ways an ideal construction material: tough, light, durable, fire-resistant, and very cheap. Asbestos, once known as the “magic mineral”, has been widely used as a constituent in buildings and building materials, machines, transport vehicles, and consumer products. Asbestos has a known historic use going back at least 4,500 years. Asbestos is the collective term for naturally occurring silicate minerals with a crystalline structure and a fibrous character. Total bans on asbestos use have introduced in over 50 Countries, including those in European Union, Japan, Australia, and South-Africa. In spite of bans, the total global use of asbestos lies still at the level of about two million metric tons a year.